Types of Psoriasis

Types of psoriasis - Following types of psoriasis exists

Plaque Type of Psoriasis

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In the various types of psoriasis, 80 percent of people with Psoriasis have plaque Psoriasis. This is the most common type, it causes dry, raised, red skin lesions (plaques) covered with whitish-silver scales. The plaques might be itchy or painful and there may be few or many. Most often seen on the elbows, knees, scalp and lower back.

Guttate Type of Psoriasis

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This type of psoriasis is common in children and young adults. It happens in less than 2% of cases. It’s usually triggered by a bacterial infection such as strep throat. It appears as small, pink-red, water drops on the skin. The most common site for guttate Psoriasis includes the trunk, arms, legs and scalp. These spots are rarely thick or raised like plaque Psoriasis.

Inverse Type of Psoriasis

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This mainly affects the skin in the armpits, in the groin, under the breasts and around the genitals and buttocks. It causes patches of skin that are bright red, smooth, and shiny but don’t have scales. It worsens with friction and sweating. Fungal infections may trigger this type of Psoriasis. It is more common in people who are overweight and those with deep skin folds.

Pustular Types of Psoriasis

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These types of psoriasis are more common in adults . It causes white, pus-filled bumps(pustules) and broad areas of red, inflamed skin. Pustular Psoriasis is typically localized to smaller areas of the body, such as the hands or feet, but sometimes it can be widespread. When this happens, it can be very serious, so get medical attention right away. Other symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, faster heart rate, muscle weakness.

Psoriasis Triggers

Triggers include:

  • Topical medicine or systemic medicine, especially steroids.
  • Suddenly stopping systemic drugs or strong topical steroids that you used over a large area of your.
  • Getting too much ultraviolet light without using sunscreen.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Infection.
  • Stress.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals.

Types of Psoriasis

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

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Erythrodermic Psoriasis is a severe and very rare type of Psoriasis. This form often covers large sections of the body at once. The skin almost appears sunburned. Scales that develop often slough off in large sections or sheets. Other Symptoms include, severe itching, burning, or peeling. It’s common for a person with this type of Psoriasis to run a fever or become very ill. It can cause severe illness from protein and fluid loss from the body. You can also get an infection, develop pneumonia, or congestive heart failure. This type can be life-threatening, so individuals should see a doctor immediately.

Psoriasis Triggers

Psoriasis Triggers include:

    • Suddenly stopping your systemic psoriasis treatment.
    • An allergic drug reaction.
    • Severe sunburn.
    • Infection.
    • Medications such as lithium, antimalarial drugs, cortisone, or strong coal tar products.

Erythrodermic psoriasis may also happen if your psoriasis is hard to control.

Nail Psoriasis

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Nail Psoriasis is even more common in people who have Psoriatic arthritis. It affects fingernails and toenails, causing symptoms like pitting of your nails, tender painful nails, color changes (yellow-brown), chalk like material under your nails. Psoriatic nails might loosen and separate from the nail bed (onycholysis) . Severe cases may cause the nail to crumble.

Scalp Psoriasis

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Scalp Psoriasis symptoms include raised, reddish, often scaly patches, intense itching which can affect your sleep and everyday life, scratching a lot can lead to skin infections and hair loss. It can pop up as a single patch or several, and can even affect your entire scalp. It can also spread to your forehead, the back of your neck, or behind and inside your ears.

Palmoplantar Psoriasis

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Palmoplantar Psoriasis is a type of Psoriasis that affects the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Palmoplantar Psoriasis can occur at any age, usually starts between the ages of 20 and 60 years. The symptoms include well-defined areas of raised, thickened skin, redness and scaling, itching and burning sensation, pain, cracking and bleeding. Environmental risk factors and lifestyle choices may increase the likelihood of developing palmoplantar Psoriasis. The hands and feet are more open to environmental and chemical triggers. This may play a role in the development and progression of the condition. Various types of psoriasis

The following appear to increase the risk:

  • Household work.
  • Farm work.
  • Manual labor.

Exposure to chemical and physical irritants, such as detergents.

  • Exposure to allergens.
  • Smoking.

People with the following conditions may also have a higher chance of getting palmoplantar Psoriasis:

  • Thyroid disease.
  • Arthritis of the anterior thorax.
  • Type 1 diabetes.
  • Gluten sensitivity.
  • Streptococcal tonsillitis.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a condition where you have both Psoriasis and arthritis (joint inflammation). Symptoms range from mild to severe and it can affect any joint. 

 

Although the disease usually isn’t as crippling as other forms of arthritis, it can cause stiffness and progressive joint damage that in the most serious cases may lead to permanent deformity. 

 

In 70% of cases, people have Psoriasis for about 10 years before getting Psoriatic arthritis. Symptoms include painful, stiff joints that are worse in the morning and after rest, sausage-like swelling of the fingers and toes, warm joints that may be discolored.

 

Click here to check our blog related to Psoriatic Arthritis

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